Barbara Ann Rischkowsky

Barbara Ann Rischkowsky
Research Team Leader - Resilient Agrosilvopastoral Systems (RASP) and Social Economy and Policy Research (SEP)

Dr. Barbara Rischkowsky is program director of ICARDA’s Resilient Agricultural Livelihood Systems Research Program. She is a livestock scientist with experience in production systems analysis and the development of technological and institutional interventions for increasing livestock productivity in resource-poor ruminant production systems.

Her current research interests are: the sustainable development of sheep and goat production systems in drylands, including research on meat and fiber value chain development; genetic diversity and adaptive traits; breeding programs for smallholders; and feeding systems based on locally available resources. She is also working on the characterization and sustainable utilization of animal genetic diversity. Dr. Rischkowsky is an expert in the acquisition and management of multidisciplinary projects in Africa, Asia, and Latin America.

Since 2006, Dr. Rischkowsky has led the small ruminant research group at ICARDA. She has developed management strategies for small ruminant production systems in non-tropical drylands with a special focus on adaptation to climatic variability and market opportunities. Prior to this, she coordinated the production of the first ‘State of the World’s Animal Genetic Resources’ for the UN’s Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO). Previously, as assistant professor at the Georg-August University, Goettingen, and the Justus-Liebig University, Giessen, she focused on the analysis of livestock production systems in the tropics and subtropics.

Dr. Rischkowsky has authored more than 58 peer-reviewed journal publications, and 102 other publications, including books, book chapters, and extension guidelines. She is a member of the Iowa State University-led Global Forum on Food Security. She holds a Ph.D. in agricultural sciences from Justus-Liebig University in Giessen, Germany.

Barbara Ann Rischkowsky's Publications

Impact of improved agricultural extension approaches on technology adoption: Evidence from a randomised controlled trial in rural Tunisia
Genome variation in tick infestation and cryptic divergence in Tunisian indigenous sheep
Tolerance capability of desert sheep and goats to exercise heat stress under hot dry conditions, and its correlation with their production performance
Optimizing near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy to Predict Nutritional Quality of Chickpea Straw for Livestock Feeding
Three easy fixes for sire use can enhance genetic progress in  community-based breeding programmes
Welfare Impact of Community-Based Veterinary and Breeding Services on Small Ruminant Keepers
Ethiopian indigenous goats offer insights into past and recent demographic dynamics and local adaptation in sub-Saharan African goats
Converting multi-trait breeding objectives into operative selection indexes to ensure genetic gains in low-input sheep and goat breeding programmes
Phenology and phylogeny of Hyalomma spp. ticks infesting one-humped camels (Camelus dromedarius) in the Tunisian Saharan bioclimatic zone
Genome-wide insights on gastrointestinal nematode resistance in autochthonous Tunisian sheep
Identification of smallholder farmers and pastoralists’ preferences for sheep breeding traits: choice model approach
Estimates of genetic parameters and trends for reproduction traits in Bonga sheep, Ethiopia
Field synchronization of Ethiopian Highland sheep for fixed time artificial insemination: improvement of conception rate with a double injection of prostaglandin at 11 days
Evaluation of increased feed supply and different fattening strategies for an Ethiopian sheep population by system dynamics modelling
Productivity of Abergelle, Central Highland and Woyto-Guji goat breeds in Ethiopia
Community-based sheep breeding programs generated substantial genetic gains and socioeconomic benefits
Individual variability among autochthonous sheep in Northern Tunisia to infection by abomasum nematodes and Babesia/Theileria parasites
Characterization of the production system and breeding practices of indigenous goat keepers in Hai district, Northern Tanzania implications for community-based breeding program
Coat color alterations over the years and their association with growth performances in the Menz sheep central nucleus and community-based breeding programs
Increased number of large non‐atretic follicles and co‐dominance effects account for high litter sizes in Bonga sheep
Genetic diversity, population structure and runs of homozygosity in Ethiopian short fat-tailed and Awassi sheep breeds using genome-wide 50k SNP markers
Genome‑wide scans identify known and novel regions associated with prolifcacy and reproduction traits in a sub‑Saharan African indigenous sheep (Ovis aries)
Community‐based breeding programmes are a viable solution for Ethiopian small ruminant genetic improvement but require public and private investments
Genetic and economic evaluation of alternative breeding scenarios for community based productivity improvements of three indigenous goat breeds in Ethiopia
Genetic progress and economic benefit of community-based breeding programs for sheep out- and upscaling options in Ethiopia
Risk Factors for Reproductive Disorders and Major Infectious Causes of Abortion in Sheep in the Highlands of Ethiopia
Productivity benchmarks for community-based genetic improvement of Abergelle, Central Highland and Woyto-Guji indigenous goat breeds in Ethiopia
Identification of strategies to improve goat marketing in the lowlands of Ethiopia: a hedonic price analysis
Effects of feeding different varieties of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) straws with concentrate supplement on feed intake, digestibility, body weight gain and carcass characteristics of Arsi-Bale sheep
Changes in the milk fatty acid profile of Awassi sheep in response to supplementation with agro-industrial by-products
Estimates of genetic parameters and genetic trends for growth, reproduction, milk production and milk composition traits of Awassi sheep
Impact of grazing on soil, vegetation and ewe production performances in a semi-arid rangeland
Investigations into nematode parasites of goats in pastoral and crop livestock systems of Ethiopia
Analysis of crop residue use in small holder mixed farms in Ethiopia
Evaluation of mohair quality in Angora goats from the Northern dry lands of Tajikistan
Evaluation of desho grass (Pennisetum pedicellatum) hay as a basal diet for growing local sheep in Ethiopia
Nutritive value of field pea (Pisum sativum L.) straw as influenced by variety, season, botanical fractions and urea pretreatment
GnRH and prostaglandin-based synchronization protocols as alternatives to progestogen-based treatments in sheep
Characterization of production system and breeding practices of sheep producers in Doyogena district, Southern Ethiopia
 Variation in the straw traits of morphological fractions of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) and implications for selecting for food-feed varieties
Morphological characteristics and linear body measurements of Doyogena sheep in Doyogena district of SNNPR, Ethiopia
Recording birth weight has no significance in village based genetic improvement programs of small ruminants
Morphological and molecular genetic diversity of Syrian indigenous goat populations
Determinants of the utilization of desho grass (Pennisetum pedicellatum) by farmers in Ethiopia
Genetic diversity and structure of goats within an early livestock dispersal area in Eastern North Africa
Review of sheep crossbreeding based on exotic sires and among indigenous breeds in the tropics: An Ethiopian perspective
Multiple genomic signatures of selection in goats and sheep indigenous to a hot arid environment
Do Texas Angora bucks improve mohair weight and quality traits of Tajik Angora goats?
Genetic diversity and structure in Egyptian indigenous sheep populations mirror patterns of anthropological interactions
Characterization of Indigenous Goat Populations in Selected Areas of Ethiopia
Community‐based livestock breeding programmes: essentials and examples
Supplementing diets of Awassi ewes with olive cake and tomato pomace: on-farm recovery of effects on yield, composition and fatty acid profile of the milk
Breeding programs for smallholder sheep farming systems: I. Evaluation of alternative designs of breeding schemes
Breeding programmes for smallholder sheep farming systems: II. Optimization of cooperative village breeding schemes
Scaling up successful practices for pro-poor development projects involving goats: First outputs of a comparative study
Feasibility of pedigree recording and genetic selection in village sheep flocks of smallholder farmers
Effect of genetic improvement of body weight on herddynamics and profitability of Ethiopian meat sheep: Adynamic simulation model
Intake pattern and nutrient supply of lactating sheep selecting dried forage from woody plants and straw offered in binary or multiple choice
Potential of pearl millet as a forage crop in wheat-based double cropping system in Central Asia
Nomadic pastoralism in southern Iran
Journal Article
December 01, 2013

The nomadic pastoralist system in Baft district in Kerman province is well known in
Iran for producing cashmere from Raeini goats. However, there is little information
on the production system. Interviews were carried out with 30 Siahjel nomad...

Community based sheep breeding programs: Tapping into indigenous knowledge
The emerging small-scale cattle farming sector in Uzbekistan: Highly integrated with crop production but suffering from low productivity
Influence of experience on intake and feeding behavior of dairy sheep when offered forages from woody plants in a multiple-choice situation1
Observations on the efficiency of using different cashmere combs
Optimization of selection for growth in Menz Sheep while minimizing inbreeding depression in fitness traits
Unconventional feeds for small ruminants in dry areas have a minor effect on manure nitrogen flow in the soil–plant system
Cashmere quality of Raeini goats kept by nomads in Iran
Journal Article
May 01, 2012

The income of the nomads in Kerman Province depends mainly on Raeini goats that produce meat, milk and cashmere. This paper assesses the cashmere quality and its variation in Raeini herds to determine the scope for improvement. In April 2010 fleece...

Molecular Characterization Of Ethiopian Indigenous Goat Populations
Cattle as Live Stock: A Concept for Understanding and Valuing the Asset Function of LiveStock
Influence of feeding Mediterranean food industry by-products and forages to Awassi sheep on physicochemical properties of milk, yoghurt and cheese
Assessing genetic diversity of Hamdani sheep breed in Kurdistan region of Iraq using microsatellite markers
Community-based alternative breeding plans for indigenous sheep breeds in four agro-ecological zones of Ethiopia
Modification of milk fatty acid composition by feeding forages and agro-industrial byproducts from dry areas to Awassi sheep
The potential of small-scale rainfed agriculture to strengthen food security in Arab countries