Michael Baum
Research Team Leader - Breeding and Scaling Improved Varieties of dryland cereals and pulses / Morocco Research Platform Manager

Dr. Michael Baum is director of ICARDA’s Biodiversity and Crop Improvement Program, which comprises 30 scientists and 67 technical staff whose work ranges from crop breeding and cereal and legume pathology to virology and pollinators. Since joining ICARDA in 1992 as a biotechnologist, he has overseen ICARDA’s biodiversity and crop management work in a number of countries across the Middle East and North Africa.

Dr. Baum has been instrumental in establishing ICARDA’s partnerships with global research institutes, including the Centre for Biotechnology in Tunisia; Hannover and Frankfurt University in Germany; Cornell University in the United States; the Australian Center for Plant Functional Genomics; and other CGIAR centers. He has attracted over $10 million in funding to build ICARDA’s biotechnology program and strengthened biotech research across the dry areas.

Dr. Baum has published over 110 peer-reviewed journal articles, 30 book chapters, and 40 conference papers. He was also guest professor at Ghuangzhou University, China, between 2009 and 2012, and received the ‘Frosty Hill Fellowship’ from Cornell University in 2000. Throughout his career, he has supervised scores of post-doctoral fellows and Ph.D. students. Dr. Baum holds a Ph.D. in plant breeding and cytogenetics from the University of Göttingen in Germany.

Michael Baum's Publications

Genetic Dissection of Heat Stress Tolerance in Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) Using GWAS
Genomic regions associated with herbicide tolerance in a worldwide faba bean (Vicia faba L.) collection
Genomics-assisted lentil breeding: Current status and futurestrategies
Assessment and modeling using machine learning of resistance to scald (Rhynchosporium commune) in two specifc barley genetic resources subsets
Institutional and farm-level challenges limiting the diffusion of new varieties from public and CGIAR centers: The case of wheat in Morocco
Are continued public sector and CGIAR investments on wheat crop improvement research justifiable? A Moroccan case
Comprehensive analysis of the gene expression profile of wheat at the crossroads of heat, drought and combined stress
Wild Lathyrus species as a great source of resistance forintrogression into cultivated grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.)against broomrape weeds (Orobanche crenata Forsk. andOrobanche foetida Poir .)
Crop wild relatives use in durum wheat breeding: drift or thrift?
The Global Durum Wheat Panel (GDP): An International Platform to Identify and Exchange Beneficial Alleles
Mobilizing Crop Biodiversity
Journal Article
October 05, 2020

Over the past 70 years, the world has witnessed extraordinary growth in crop productivity, enabled by a suite of technological advances, including higher yielding crop varieties, improved farm management, synthetic agrochemicals, and agricultural...

Evaluation of morpho-physiological traits under drought stress conditions in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)
Intra-cultivar variability at microsatellite loci in date palm cultivars across the GCC countries
Wheat Breeding Handbook at ICARDA
December 04, 2019

Wheat is the most widely adapted crop, growing in diverse environments ranging from sea
level to regions as high as 4570 m.a.s.l. in Tibet (Percival, 1921) and from the Arctic Circle
to the equator, but most suitably at the latitude range of 30°...

Multi-dimensional evaluation of response to salt stress in wheat
Assessing Genetic Diversity of Shishi Date Palm Cultivars in Saudi Arabia and Qatar Using Microsatellite Markers
Heat-Tolerant QTLs Associated with Grain Yield and Its Components in Spring Bread Wheat under Heat-Stressed Environments of Sudan and Egypt
Genetic and transcriptional variations in NRAMP‑2 and OPAQUE1 genes are associated with salt stress response in wheat.
Breeding and genomics status in faba bean (Vicia faba)
Journal Article
September 24, 2018

Faba bean is an important legume crop because of its high‐yield potential and nutrition‐dense grains. There have been significant achievements in faba bean improvement in the last four decades, which led to the doubling of the global yield average...

Slow rusting of bread wheat landraces to Puccinia striiformis f.sp. tritici under artificial field inoculation
Assessment of genetic diversity and yield performance in Jordanian barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) landraces grown under Rainfed conditions
Role of Sustainable Wheat Production to Ensure Food Security in the CWANA region
Genetic variations of HvP5CS1 and their association with drought tolerance related traits in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)
Date Palm Genetic Diversity Analysis Using Microsatellite Polymorphism
Construction of new EST-SSRs for Fusarium resistant wheat breeding
Sélection de lignées d’orge (Hordeum vulgare L.) pour leur résistance au barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV) et évaluation de leurs performances agronomiques
Development of a panel of unigene derived polymorphic EST-SSR markers in lentil using public database information
Book Chapter
September 14, 2016

Wheat is one of the most important staple crops of global food and nutritional security. The demand for wheat has been increasing substantially with the increasing human population pressure. Wheat genetic resources including crop wild relatives (CWRs...

Impacts of International Wheat Improvement Research
August 26, 2016

Wheat is a major source of calories and protein for consumers in developing countries. The “Green Revolution” improved the national food security and welfare of the poor in developing countries in the second half of the 20th century. However...

Improving wheat production in the CWANA region
Book Chapter
July 31, 2016

Wheat is the principal staple food in most countries of the Central and West Asia and North Africa (CWANA) region, accounting for 45% of the region’s per capita calorie intake with an average wheat consumption of about 200 kg/capita/year, which is...

Identification and Characterization of Salt Tolerance of Wheat Germplasm Using a Multivariable Screening Approach
Morphological and molecular genetic diversity of Syrian indigenous goat populations
Genetic variation in winter barley and selection of high yielding lines
New resistance sources to Russian wheat aphid (Diuraphis noxia) in Swedish wheat substitution and translocation lines with rye (Secale cereale) and Leymus mollis
Genome-Wide Association Mapping of Yield and Grain Quality Traits in Winter Wheat Genotypes
Current knowledge in lentil genomics and its application for crop improvement
Rare allele of HvLox-1 associated with lipoxygenase activity in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)
A SSR kit to study genetic diversity in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)
Association Mapping of Resistance to Yellow Rust in Winter Wheat Cultivars and Elite Genotypes
Association Analysis of Genotypic and Phenotypic Traits Using SSR Marker in Durum Wheat
Breeding progress for yield in winter wheat genotypes targeted to irrigated environments of the CWANA region
Variation at the vernalisation genes Vrn‑H1 and Vrn‑H2 determines growth and yield stability in barley (Hordeum vulgare) grown under dryland conditions in Syria
Genetic diversity among summer and winter Beauveria bassiana populations as revealed by AFLP analysis
Genetic differentiation in Pyrenophora teres f. teres populations from Syria and Tunisia as assessed by AFLP markers
Genetic diversity of Pyrenophora tritici-repentis in Algeria as revealed by amplified fragement length polymorphism (AFLP) analysis
SSR analysis of introgression of drought tolerance from the genome of Hordeum spontaneum into cultivated barley (Hordeum vulgare ssp vulgare)
Pathogenic and genetic diversity of Didymella rabiei affecting chickpea in Syria
Distribution and factors affecting lentil wilt.  l
Journal Article
April 23, 2013

جرت عمليات المسح الحقلي لمرض ذبول العدس في معظم مناطق انتشار وزراعة العدس في سورية خلال موسمي 2008/2009 و2009/2010،
بهدف تحديد أماكن انتشار المرض والعوامل المؤثرة في تطوره. وقد بينت النتائج انتشار المرض في جميع المحافظات التي تزرع العدس خلال الموسمين...

Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in HSP17.8 and Their Association with Agronomic Traits in Barley
QTL for yield and associated traits in the Seri/Babax population grown across several environments in Mexico, in the West Asia, North Africa, and South Asia regions
Pathogenicity Spectra And Screening For Resistance In Barley Against Tunisian Pyrenophora Teres F. Teres
Allelic Variations Of A Light Harvesting Chlorophyll A/B-Binding Protein Gene (Lhcb1) Associated With Agronomic Traits In Barley
Genetic analysis and phenotypic associations for drought tolerance in Hordeum spontaneum introgression lines using SSR and SNP markers
Molecular Characterization Of Ethiopian Indigenous Goat Populations
Assessing genetic diversity of Hamdani sheep breed in Kurdistan region of Iraq using microsatellite markers
New microsatellite markers for assessment of genetic diversity in date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.)
Assessment of genetic diversity for some Iraqi date palms (Phoenix dactylifera L.) using amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLP) markers
Biotechnology and gene mapping in lentil
Journal Article
July 31, 2011

Genomic tools and genetic mapping are assisting the understanding of the lentil genome and have made possible the use of marker assisted selection for breeding purposes. Although some important traits are conferred by single genes most are determined...

Genetic Diversity of Iraqi Date Palms Revealed By Microsatellite Polymorphism
Comparative virulence of Pyrenophora teres f. teres from Syria and Tunisia and screening for resistance sources in barley: implications for breeding
Expression Of The Dreb1A Gene In Lentil (Lens Culinaris Medik. Subsp Culinaris) Transformed With The Agrobacterium System
Chickpea Ascochyta Blight: Disease Status and Pathogen Mating Type Distribution in Syria
Sources of resistance in bread wheat to Russian wheat aphid (Diuraphis noxia) in Syria identified using the Focused Identification of Germplasm Strategy (FIGS)
The potential contribution of wild barley (Hordeum vulgare ssp. spontaneum) germplasm to drought tolerance of cultivated barley (H. vulgare ssp. vulgare)
New Approaches for the Study of Osmotic Stress Induced by Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) in Cereal Species
Development of 1000 Microsatellite Markers across the Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) Genome
Characterization of a prolyl endoprotease from Eurygaster integriceps Puton (Sunn pest) infested wheat
Isolation and sequence analysis of DREB2A homologues in three cereal and two legume species
SuperSAGE: the drought stress-responsive transcriptome of chickpea roots
Genetic structure, diversity, and allelic richness in composite collection and reference set in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)
Quantitative trait loci associated with adaptation to Mediterranean dryland conditions in barley
Mapping adaptation of barley to droughted environments
Journal Article
August 03, 2007

Identifying barley genomic regions influencing the response of yield and its components to water deficits will aid in our understanding of the genetics of drought tolerance and the development of more drought tolerant cultivars. We assembled a...

Genetic diversity of Rhynchosporium secalis in Tunisia as revealed by pathotype, AFLP, and microsatellite analyses
Differential Selection on Rhynchosporium secalis During Parasitic and Saprophytic Phases in the Barley Scald Disease Cycle
Transcriptional analysis between two wheat near-isogenic lines contrasting in aluminum tolerance under aluminum stress
Resistance gene analogs associated with Fusarium head blight resistance in wheat
Fusarium vascular wilt in lentil: Inheritance and identification of DNA markers for resistance
Conservation of microsatellite flanking sequences in different taxa of Leguminosae
Genetic dissection of pathotype-specific resistance to ascochyta blight disease in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) using microsatellite markers
Segregation distortion in doubled haploid lines of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) detected by simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers
High mutation rate and mutational bias at (TAA)n microsatellite loci in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)
Assessment of genotypic variation among cultivated durum wheat based on EST-SSRS and genomic SSRS
Inheritance and Linkage Analysis of Frost Injury in Lentil
Journal Article
May 01, 1999

Radiation-frost injury is an important abiotic constraint to lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) production in West Asia, but no information has been published on the inheritance of radiation-frost injury in lentil. The objectives of the study were to...

A genetic linkage map of lentil (Lens sp.) based on RAPD and AFLP markers using recombinant inbred lines
The use of Rapd markers for lentil genetic mapping and the evaluation of distorted F2 segregation